The halfway treatment is an alternative
to the institutional treatment. It means a halfway house into prison, and the
referral to a child welfare institution is the representative disposition in
the Juvenile Justice. Protective disposition No.6 applies to child or juvenile
under vulnerable family environment. Halfway house plays a role of parent for
them for 6 months. Among all of the protective dispositions, the application
rate of disposition no. 6 is under 4%. It results from a lack of understanding
of disposition no.6 and lack of facilities.
This study suggests the way to improve
disposition No.6 is as followed:
First, the identity of disposition No.6
needs more clarity. Disposition No.6 is the halfway treatment, but the actual
operational situation is similar to the institutional treatment. Thus, the
halfway house should be semi-opened facility and need to break punitive and
Second, it is vital to select proper
juveniles for disposition No.6. The appropriate subject for disposition No.6 is
juveniles under vulnerable home environment so that recovery of the family
function should be available through the role of halfway house. Moreover, they
need to get used to group life. Mentally disordered or violent juveniles should
Third, child welfare institution needs
to be operated by national budget not by a local government. Also, facility
standard has to meet that of child welfare institution, which operates 24hours,
not that of child care institution. Regarding the standard of a worker should
Fourth, the development of the
specialized program and monitoring of the effectiveness of the program are also
essential to differentiate from disposition No.1 facilities.
Fifth, supervision of management for the
disposition No.6 facility needs to be tightened for systemic operation.
Aftercare facility such as Independent Living Center should be provided. Also,
juveniles need to be connected to probation before discharging them from the
disposition No.6 facilities without the gap of treatment.
Sixth, regarding legislative
improvements, provisions for budget support by nation need to be newly
established. Also, related provisions of the basic living security need to be
revised in order not to make a financial gap. Elementary and Secondary
Education Act should be revised for educational support.
Delinquent Juvenile, Protective Disposition