I. North Korean defectors generally have lower level
of legal knowledge on crime and victimization, compared to the general
1) They lack basic
legal knowledge on the criminal justice system and their areas of the weakest
knowledge are the right to counsel, differences between criminal and civil
litigation and between prisons and jails, and cybercrimes.
2) They have a
markedly low level of knowledge on battery and domestic and sexual violence,
compared to the general population.
3) More than half
of the surveyed defectors scored similarly on the number of questions related
to theft and drug-related crimes compared to the general population.
4) The surveyed
defectors scored significantly well on the number of questions related to
insurance theft and the reason for the higher scores seemed that they have
experienced or been exposed to the same or similar crimes before.
II. Strengthening legal education to North Korean
defectors for helping their settlement
1) There is the
need for local settlement support centers to provide additional legal education.
2) Updating the
curriculum of legal education is required to fill the weak areas of legal
knowledge of the defectors.
- Although the
defectors, on average, have relatively high level of legal knowledge, they have
some weak areas of knowledge. The areas are legal knowledge on the right of
freedom, basic knowledge on the criminal justice system, and knowledge on crime
III. Problems identified in legal education to North
Korean defectors and steps for solving them
legal knowledge as part of local settlement support is necessary.
- The initial
education provided to the defectors upon entering South Korea at the Hanawon
Center suffers from anxiety and unstable emotional states of defectors and lack
- It is necessary
to provide legal education near the defectors’ places of residence and its
curriculum should be tailored to the needs of the defectors.
IV. Steps for
improving legal education and its curriculum
- Legal education
should aim to fill the defectors’ weak areas of legal knowledge and utilize new
and innovative technologies to increase the channels of obtaining knowledge.